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The Church has carefully preserved them during the lapse of centuries and has never sought to replace them by any other formularies.Attempts have been made from time to time to compose Christian psalms, such as the , and a few others; but those which the Church has retained and adopted are singularly few in number.Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only .99..., meaning "Extracts from the Antiphonary". 1100 obtained a book entitled "Incipit Breviarium sive Ordo Officiorum per totam anni decursionem".Certain psalms were set apart for the night offices, others for Lauds, others for Prime, Terce, Sext, and None, others for Vespers and Compline.It is a subject of discussion amongst liturgists whether this Benedictine division of the psalms is anterior or posterior to the Roman Psalter.Although it may not be possible to prove the point definitely, still it would seem that the Roman arrangement is the older of the two, because that drawn up by St.Benedict shows more skill, and would thus seem to be in the nature of a reform of the Roman division.

Some monks were in the habit of reciting daily the whole of the 150 psalms.

From this arrangement arose the idea of dividing the Psalter according to specially devised rules. Benedict was one of the earliest to set himself to this task, in the sixth century.

In his Rule he gives minute directions how, at that period, the psalms were to be distributed at the disposition of the abbot; and he himself drew up such an arrangement.

The Roman Breviary, which with rare exceptions (certain religious orders, the Ambrosian and Mozarabic Rites, etc.) is used at this day throughout the Latin Church, is divided into four parts according to the seasons of the year: Winter, Spring, Summer, and Autumn.

It is constructed of the following elements: (a) the Psalter; (b) the Proper of the Season; (c) Proper of the Saints; (d) the Common; (e) certain special Offices.

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The rhythmic hymns date from a period later than the fourth and fifth centuries, and at best hold a purely secondary place in the scheme of the Office.