Validating a psychometric instrument
These parents are generally concerned with their own problems and neglect their parental responsibilities.They do not supervise their children and do not provide any type of affective support (Maccoby & Martin, 1983).These dimensions can be put into operation by a continuum whose intersection originates four styles of progressive-regressive influence, defining four styles of parental socialization that are a consensus in the literature (Costa, Teixeira, & Gomes, 2000; Maccoby & Martin, 1983; Steinberg, Lamborn, Darling, Mounts, & Dornbusch, 1994).Specifically, scores in the dimensions control and affection allow us to define authoritative (high control and affection), authoritarian (high control and low affection), uninvolved (low control and low affection) and permissive (low control and high affection) styles (Rothrauff, Cooney, & An, 2009).Parenting styles have been investigated for several decades and are considered predictors of behavior among young individuals.This study's objective was to identify evidence for the factorial validity and internal consistency of the short version of the Parental Perception Questionnaire (PPQ-20), an instrument that is useful for assessing parenting styles.
Nonetheless, before describing the corresponding study, it seems pertinent to briefly present some instruments developed or adapted to evaluate parenting styles in Brazil.
Finally, there is evidence this measure has factorial validity and internal consistency.
Los estilos parentales han sido investigados por décadas, siendo considerados predictores de comportamientos de los jóvenes.
The authoritative style describes parents who maintain a balance between high levels of demandingness and affection, consistently supervising their children's behavior in order to discipline them through inductive rather than punitive methods.
They reinforce socially responsible and mature behavior through praise and manifestations of affection, offering support, encouraging communication and valuing their children's points of view (Karavasilis, Doyle, & Markiewicz, 2003).
Contrary to the more vertical and unidirectional view that only emphasizes the perception of parents concerning their children, researchers have increasingly highlighted the importance of considering the perceptions of children concerning their parents, evaluating how such perceptions explain certain constructs (Mora-Ríos, González-Forteza, Jiménez-Tapia, & Andrade-Palos, 1999).